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Una treintena de fiscales estatales en EE UU investiga a Google por supuestas prácticas monopolísticas

El fiscal general de Texas ya advirtió de que las grandes firmas tienen tanta información de los usuarios que dificulta la competencia de las nuevas empresas

El cerco regulador en Estados Unidos se estrecha entorno a Google, la compañía dominante en Internet. Una coalición integrada por fiscales generales de una treintena de estados se preparan para iniciar una investigación a las prácticas de negocio de la filial de Alphabet para determinar si está violando las reglas de la competencia con el poder de mercado que fue amasando, imponiendo sus propias reglas de juego.

El inicio de la investigación multiestatal se formalizará la próxima semana. El examen se suma al que tiene en marcha la división de competencia del Departamento de Justicia, en paralelo con la agencia que regula las actividades comerciales (FCC, en sus siglas en inglés). Hay varios comités del Congreso que están en proceso de revisar si las prácticas de las grandes tecnológicas se ajustan a las reglas de juego.

La maniobra de los fiscales estatales estará liderada por Texas. Durante las últimas semanas ya mantuvieron reuniones técnicas con los reguladores federales para coordinar la investigación. El pasado mes de junio la oficina del fiscal tejano Ken Paxton ya presentó una queja en la que pedía a la FCC que examinara como explota los datos de sus usuarios para tener una ventaja sobre potenciales rivales.

Precisamente este miércoles, la FCC sancionó con 170 millones de dólares a Google por beneficiarse ilegalmente de los datos personales de niños menores de 13 años que usan Youtube. Esa información, que se obtuvo sin el consentimiento de los padres, servía después a los anunciantes para diseñar campañas publicitarias específicas. En este expediente participó también el Estado de Nueva York.

Why Hurricane Dorian Defied Forecasts and Sank the Bahamas

The storm evolved swiftly and unpredictably. But it was other weather phenomena that caused Dorian to stall, devastating the island nation.

Jason Dunion has been flying on “hurricane hunter” planes for the past 20 years to collect data on tropical storms. Yet Sunday’s flight into Hurricane Dorian was the first time he had felt the awesome power of a Category 5 storm.

Dunion, a scientist at a National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration meteorology lab in Miami, was strapped into his seat along with the 18 other scientists and crew as winds approaching 200 miles per hour buffeted the P-3 Orion, an aircraft originally designed to hunt enemy submarines. When the plane dropped suddenly, he and the others felt a few moments of weightlessness.

“It was like a roller coaster, but you couldn’t see where the turns were,” Dunion says. “It was intense. It was like nothing I had ever felt.”

Once the plane had passed through the turbulence to the calm eye of the storm, Dunion looked out the window to see a swirling maelstrom of fast-moving clouds topped by a patch of bright blue sky above. “You appreciated the beauty, but you were completely surrounded by this hostile environment.” For Dunion and other scientists, Hurricane Dorian has defied predictions of both its strength and its path toward Florida and the southeastern US. The unpredictability has kept coastal residents on edge and made it tougher for relief agencies to anticipate where the worst effects will be felt.

“We’ve seen the track change hour by hour,” says William Porter, an operations planner for Team Rubicon, a disaster relief group comprised of US veterans. Porter says his volunteers have been moving equipment and supplies around the southeastern Atlantic coast in anticipation of Dorian’s eventual US landfall. On Tuesday morning, the first of its teams landed in Nassau, the capital of the Bahamas, to help assess the island’s damage. “If you look at what the storm was predicted to be a week ago versus what it is today, I don’t think anyone could have seen this significant a change.”

By all accounts, Dorian started out as a hurricane weakling. At first, Dorian was a loosely organized, slow-moving disturbance that was crippled by dry air from a Saharan dust storm that had moved over the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, according to NOAA’s Dunion. Hurricanes need warm water and air that rises rapidly into a moisture-rich atmosphere to grow. The Sahara’s dry air and dust particles, which can fill the air up to 20,000 feet, initially stifled the evolution of this storm.

After surviving the Saharan dust, however, Dorian headed northward across the eastern tip of Puerto Rico, then turned east and chugged across the Caribbean, picking up energy from the warm surface waters. That energy fed Dorian’s rapid intensification from Category 4 to Category 5 on Sunday—just as Dunion was flying through it.